MiG 25 in combat

十月 1, 2009 at 09:51 | 張貼於aeroplane, aircraft, Russia, russian, russian aircraft | 發表留言
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Fighter-interceptor MiG-25P SIZE: Wingspan 14,02 m; length of the aircraft (without CVP) 19,75 m; height 5,14 m; wing area 61,40 m2. NUMBER OF SEATS. Crew 1 person. ENGINES. Two Turbojet R15BD-300 (2 x 8800/11.200 kg) or two R15B-300 (2 x 7500/11 200 kgs). MASS AND LOAD: Normal take-off (100% of fuel in internal tanks, four SD-R-40) 36.720 kg takeoff without external suspensions 34.920 kg Internal fuel 14,570 kg Internal fuel and PTB 19.450 kg. FLIGHT DATA. Maximum speed 3000 km / h (M = 2.83); Maximum speed 1200 km / h; service ceiling (with four SD) 20.700 meters; operational range at supersonic speeds (M = 2.35) with four SD P-40 – 1250 km; Range at subsonic 1,730 km; flight duration 2 h 5 min; Takeoff run 1250 m; path length (with brake parachute) 800 m; maximum-load 3,8. DESIGN FEATURES. The plane is made by the normal aerodynamic configuration, high-tapered wing, dvuhkilevym tselnopovorotnym vertical and horizontal tails. Power construction – welded stainless steel. Sheathing wing – partly made of titanium, partly – from an aluminum alloy. 80% airframe is made of nickel steel grades VNS-2, VNS-4 and SPA-5, 8% are titanium construction and 11% – details of a special heat-resistant aluminum alloy D19. Wing with a sweep angle on the leading edge of 42,5 ╟, the root of 41 ╟. Pilot ejection seat is placed on the KM-1M, which provides emergency escape the aircraft at any altitude at a speed of not less than 130 km / h. The aircraft has a braking parachute dvuhkupolnaya system with an area of parachutes 60 and 50 m2. In the left ventral fins placed descends upon landing probe, which, referring to the surface of the runway just before landing, resulting in a system of automatic release of the brake parachute. ARMAMENT placed on four underwing suspension units. The MiG-25P can carry two missiles R-40R, two R-40T or four R-40R. At the Mikoyan MiG-25PD and MiG-25PDS used rocket R-40RD and R-40TD, R-60 and R-60M Options suspension: 2 x R-40RD and 2 x R-40TD, 4 x R-40RD, 2 x R-40RD and 4 x R-60M. Combat use.

New MiG – 25P entered into a dogfight on Feb. 13, 1981, when Syrian air force attempted destruction of the two Israeli spies McDonnell-Douglas RF-4E Phantom “II, violating the border of Lebanon and invaded the airspace controlled by the Syrians. According to the plan of Israelis, “Phantoms" fulfilled the role of bait for the “instants": their interception was raised by a Syrian MiG-25P. However, RF-4E, using funds EW, with a reduction in the left side of Israel. At this time the battle came two quietly came up at a low altitude Israeli fighter McDonnell-Douglas F-15A. One of them from the lower hemisphere, while remaining invisible to the pilot’s “moment", carried out a launch of two missiles AIM-7P “Sparrow", including one with a long range hit the MiG-25P, hitting him in the left plane. July 29, 1981 Syrians re-entered the battle MiG-25P. A pair of MiG-21, used as bait, “held up" a blow to a pair of F-15A, which razomknuvshis in height, were pursued by Syrian aircraft. In turn, Israeli jets were pointed, two MiG-25PD, while one of them carried out the attack on a collision course, and the second – from the flank. The pilot of the first “moment", because of the failure of the automatic accompaniment, could not perform firing and, in turn, was himself shot down by a missile leading Israeli couples. The pilot of the second MiG-25PD seized a target at a distance of 40 km and two P-40 missiles destroyed a slave F-15A. More clashes Syrian MiG-25 with Israeli planes were reported. During the Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988 gg. MiG-25P Iraqi air force shot down a number of Iranian military aircraft, combat without incurring losses. In the course of hostilities in the Persian Gulf in 1991, the MiG-25P was one of the few Iraqi air force planes used in the course of the conflict. January 17, 1991 over the Gulf MiG-25P aircraft was destroyed by the U.S. Navy McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 “Horney". January 19, according to U.S. data, the U.S. Air Force fighter McDonnell-Douglas F-15C Eagle managed to shoot down two MiG-25P. December 25, 1992, two U.S. Air Force fighter Lockheed F-16C, the first time by applying the latest SD AIM-120 AMRAAM, shot down over an area closed to aviation Iraq, an Iraqi MiG-25. On the same day, later, took a dogfight between Iraqi MiG-25P and the American F-15E, was inconclusive for both sides. January 2, 1993 MiG-25P Iraqi Air Force while trying to intercept American high-altitude reconnaissance Lockheed U-2, in turn, was attacked by a fighter F-15C, however, and this time it was inconclusive. January 15, 1999 once again took a clash of American and Iraqi aircraft. Two U.S. Air Force fighter aircraft F-15 patrolling the airspace to the south-west of Baghdad, with the help of on-board warning systems found that irradiated two radar planes MiG-25P. After completing a defensive maneuver, the American car fired at the enemy one missile AIM-7M Sparrow and three AIM-120 AMRAAM, but the Iraqi fighters successfully evaded the missile volley and fled. Rockets from their side was not recorded. Shortly after the first air combat fighter decked two Northrop Grumman F-14 “Tomcat" was discovered and attacked by missiles AIM-54 Phoenix, two other Iraqi MiG-25P to carry out flights to the south of Baghdad. This time, however, Iraqi pilots, performing evasive, hiding from the American fighters. According to representatives of the United States Navy, Iraqi MiG-25P, apparently tried to lure the American F-14 at high altitude in order to substitute them in jeopardy of another pair of “instants" that went into the attack at low altitude. After the collapse of the Soviet MiG-25PD used by Azerbaijan in hostilities against Armenia. When the aircraft is not without success, used missiles air-air missiles with thermal homing against Armenian tanks, as well as fulfill bombing (less than successful due to a lack of sighting equipment).

STATE PROGRAM. By the end of 1991 on the territory of former Soviet republics of the USSR had about 550 MiG-25PD and MiG-25PDS. By the mid 90-ies of this type of interceptors decommissioned air defense of Russia. The aircraft, still fly the resource, have been preserved and passed on the base for storage. A small number of fighters remained in service with a number of CIS countries, in particular, 13 MiG-25 is part of the fighter aviation brigade air defense of Belarus, and 79 – in the Air Force of Ukraine. Since 1979, the export version of the MiG-25PD (with radar “Tornado") delivered a number of foreign countries: Algeria, Syria and Iraq, where they continue today to carry on combat duty. MORE INFORMATION. In the second half of the 50-ies EDO AI Mikoyan began work on the creation of heavy high-speed and high-altitude interceptors E-150, E-152 and E-152M (E-166), designed to counter prospective supersonic bombers. During the testing of these machines was achieved speed 2680 km / h and a ceiling 22,670 m, carry out practical testing prospective weapons systems. The resulting brushed allowed to proceed to a more powerful combat aircraft, capable of destroying such targets as the bomber Convair B-58 “Hustler" and North American B-70 “Valkyrie" as well as reconnaissance aircraft Lockheed SR-71 (in the USSR, the existence of this top-secret program became known in 1960, two years before the first flight of an American car). Research appearance of a new aircraft commenced OKB-155 in conjunction with TsAGI and other industry research centers of the country in 1959, and in 1961 it was agreed in principle on the establishment of the machines working code E-155. Different variants of arrangement – with one-and dvuhkilevym plumage, with canards, variable geometry wing, hoisting engines, etc. In the end, was selected normal aerodynamic scheme with dvuhkilevym vysokoraspolozhennym tapered tails and wings. Party and government decision on the program E-155 came out in February 1961 and March 10 of that year, AI Mikoyan Design Bureau issued an order for the start of designing a new machine. The work was headed by MI Gurevich, who was later replaced by the chief designer of NZ Matyuk. E-155 from the outset was developed in two versions – a fighter-interceptor and high-altitude reconnaissance, with minimal structural differences. The aim was to create a combat aircraft, capable to fly at a speed corresponding to M = 2,5-3,0. A significant problem is the choice of propulsion for a new car. The possibility of using advanced engine EDB PA Kolesov, and AM Pipes, under development. However, further selection was stopped at Turbojet R15B-ZOOK AA Mikulino a development maloresursnogo engine 15K, requited for unmanned aircraft. Fighter-interceptor E-155P was supposed to interact with automated ground guidance “Air-to-1. Its supposed to equip the radar “Tornado-A, created on the base station" Tornado “, installed on the Tu-128 interceptor. Initially, the main armament of the new aircraft were to become K-9M missiles, but later it was decided to apply the new missile K-40. Job layout Commission on E-155P began in 1962, 15 June 1963 was approved by the technical specification for the interceptor. First flight of prototype E-155P was held September 9, 1964 (test pilot P. Ostapenko), six months after the start of flight testing reconnaissance E-155R. The joint state tests the interceptor was launched in December 1965 and was completed in April 1970 in September 1969, a fighter-interceptor in terms of range with missiles R-40R the first time, brought down the real aircraft – Air Force MiG-17 target. April 13, 1972 MiG-25P was officially accepted for service, and in 1973 had completed his army trials. As a result of factory and state tests in the design of aircraft and engine have been several changes. In particular, the wing gave a negative angle of the cross-V, equal to -5 ╟, found an increase in “flippers" at the ends of the consoles (which are then abandoned, by increasing the fin area and reducing the surface of the ventral fins), have introduced a differential thrust stabilizer. Serial production of aircraft deployed in 1971 at the Gorky aircraft plant (now Nizhny Novgorod State Aviation Plant “Sokol"), in cooperation with Dubninskaya Engineering Plant (built in the first series there were made fuselages of fighters, which are then transported to the Volga city of Gorky for final assembly) . Since the early 70-ies the MiG-25P began arriving in the parade of fighter air defense forces. The emergence of new fighters has dramatically reduced the activity of American intelligence Lockheed SR-71, previously a very “bold" move closer to the Soviet Union in the North and the Far East. September 6, 1976 an event occurred that significantly influence the fate of the interceptor: Senior Lieutenant V. Belenko flew the MiG-25P to Japan, making the landing at Hakodate airport on the island of Hokkaido and thus making the secret aircraft heritage of American specialists. Despite the fact that the machine was soon returned to the USSR, the Americans managed to thoroughly acquainted with the design and avionics interceptor, as a result soon, 4 November 1976, followed by the ruling government of the urgent finalization of the aircraft, relating primarily, a radical modernization of its weapon systems. Already in 1977, was released revised interceptor MiG-25PD with the new radar “Sapphire-25 (RP-25), is a modification of the station" Sapphire-23ML, MiG-23ML and capable, unlike the old radar “Tornado" detect and track air targets against the background of the earth’s surface. Aircraft equipped with further elaborated SD R-40D missiles and close-combat R-60. At the same time on the machine installed upgraded engines R15BD-300 with the resources, increased to 1000 hours MiG-25PD passed state tests in August 1978 – February 1979., And in 1978 at the Gorky aircraft plant began its serial production. Since 1979, the Air Force at repairing enterprises involving the aviation industry has begun renovations to previously released interceptor MiG-25P on the type of MiG-25PD. The updated aircraft were designated MiG-25PDS. By 1982, virtually all used in parts of the MiG-25P was converted to remzavodah in the MiG-25PDS. In the early 80’s, based on experience air combat with MiG-25 in the Middle East, it was decided to install the interceptor means of REB, which provided the possibility of conducting air combat at low and medium altitudes. MiG-25PD loader equipped with a radar station, interference with thermal blocks and false targets, located on the upper surface of the fuselage. Finalized aircraft, designated MiG-25PDSL, successfully tested, but further development is not received. Mass production type interceptor MiG-25 at the Gorky aircraft plant lasted from 1969 to 1982. (the last car passed to the customer in 1983). It was built in 1190 MiG-25 of all modifications (four in Moscow and 1186 – in Gorky), including more than 900 interceptor MiG-25P and MiG-25PD. Several attempts of deep modernization of the aircraft. In the mid 60-ies in the OKB developed draft an E-155PA, designed to intercept high-speed high-altitude targets (target speed of 3500-4000 km / h, height – up to 30 km). Fighter was supposed to have two high-altitude engine R15BV-300, a new weapon system with Smerch-100 and missile R-100. Max speed E-155PA was supposed to reach 3700-4000 km / h. In 1972, work began on the creation of prototype E-155M with more powerful engines R15BF2-300 (2 x 13 500 kgs). The first flight on it June 7, 1973 complied with the test pilot PM Ostapenko. The new power plant to provide interceptor flying at a speed of 3200 km / h (M = 3.0) at a height of more than 24000 m. Later on, two experienced aircraft E-155M (sometimes called the MiG-25M) were installed and tested a new engine type D -Zof, intended for prospective interceptor MiG-25MP (MiG-31). In the late 80-ies on the agenda came the question of upgrading the park interceptor MiG-25PD (PDS), which are armed with air defense troops of the USSR, as well as foreign countries. It was proposed to equip the aircraft armament complex MiG-29 (BBG-29-type missiles and R-27), but after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the sharp reduction in defense spending of Russia, this project has not received further development. DEVELOPER. Yakovlev Design Bureau. AI Mikoyan. Source: aviaport.ru

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